194 VERDICT OX INDIA compatible with a sincere intention to quit India and hand over u the reins of government... JINNAH And the only safe course, you might add, is... SELF \ Pakistan! JINXAH J III The essence of Pakistan—at least of its spirit—is found in the foregoing dialogue. To give a complete exposition, of the details of the plan, in a book of this size, would be quite impossible. It would need a sheaf of maps and pages of statistics, and it would carry us far afield, over the borders of India, and involve us in a great deal of unprofitable speculation. It is fairly certain, however, that the reader who takes the trouble to go really deeply iixto the matter, with a mind unwarped by prejudice, will come to the conclusion, that Pakistan offers no insuperable difficulties, economic, ethnographic, political or strategic, and is likely, indeed, to prove a good deal easier of 4 attainment than a large number of similar problems which the world has successfully resolved iix the past fifty years. It is, of course, a major surgical operation, but unfortunately there are occasions in the lives of nations, as of individuals, when major surgical operations are not only desirable but vitally necessary. And this is one of those occasions. The constant friction between the Hindu and Muslim nations has produced something which btrongly resembles a cancer in the body politic. There is only one remedy for a cancer, in its advanced stages, aixd that is the knife. Gandhi's faith cures, British soothing syrup, the ingenious nos- trums which are proffered by eager hands throughout the world— all these are useless* They only aggravate the patient's condition and make his ultimate cure more difficult. To the knife it will have to come in the end, and surely one knife, used swiftly and with precision^ is better than a million knives, hacking in, blind anarchy in the dark ? What is strange, in the whole Pakistan controversy, is not the^ support which it is slowly gaining among all realistic men but the opposition which it still evokes from sincere well-wishers of India.